Intel Core i5 9400F Review

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Along with the top-of-the-line Intel Core i9-9900K, the six-core Intel Core i5-9400F desktop processor was unveiled in October 2018 using the Coffee Lake architecture. The CPU can handle up to 6 threads at once and operates between 2.9 and 4.1 GHz. The enhanced 14-nm technology (14nm++) is used to create the Intel Core i5-9400F processor.

Although Intel first revealed the Core i5-9400 CPUs in January, the chips have just recently become widely accessible. Six months after firing the first salvo, the business also released the other Coffee Lake refresh models, a delay that was probably caused by a 14nm supply shortage.

AMD has introduced its Ryzen 3000-series CPUs as Intel struggles to meet the demand for its chips. The revised Ryzen lineup uses a 7nm technology, which should result in improved power and cost. It will also use the brand-new Zen 2 microarchitecture, which is anticipated to improve performance while Intel continues to use a variation of the Skylake architecture from seven years ago.

For a list of the most recent top processors, make sure to visit our Best CPUs list, where these chips have now completely taken over. In our CPU Benchmark Hierarchy, you can also observe how the processors compare to one another.

Every aspect of the industry is affected by Intel’s continuing lack of 14nm capability. The chip manufacturer made the decision to start selling CPUs that it would have otherwise deemed defective due to malfunctioning graphics components in order to increase supply. As a result, we now have the F-series, which is identical to the fully functional Core processors we are more accustomed to but has disabled graphics capability.

As a result, the Intel Core i5 9400F and Core i5-9400 are essentially interchangeable. The outstanding Core i5-8400, one of the most well-liked Coffee Lake versions, is replaced by both CPUs. The 9400s produce a little improvement over their predecessor thanks to 6C/6T and a marginally higher clock rate.

Additionally, the decreased pricing of the F-series is already beginning to take effect. The $20 savings on the Core i5-9400F may be alluring to mid-range gamers who don’t require integrated graphics.

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Intel Core i5 9400F specs

The Intel Core i5 9400F and -9400 have most of the same architectural characteristics as the Core i5-8400, including their 14nm++ manufacturing process, six physical cores, support for dual-channel DDR4-2666 memory, and 65W TDP. The CPUs are also LGA 1551 compatible and can be used with motherboards from the 300-series that are currently in use. Unfortunately, they have Intel’s feeble stock cooling system because they are multiplier-locked.

Again, the lack of integrated graphics in the Core i5-9400F is unimportant for gamers who already use add-in GPUs. However, we find it intriguing that Intel continues to promote the same Core i5-9400 at a price of $182.

The base frequency and turbo boost clock rates of the Core -9400/-9400F are increased by 100 MHz in comparison to the Core 5-8400, which should result in marginal performance gains. Along with a combination of hardware- and software-based mitigations for the Spectre and L1TF vulnerabilities, the Core i5-9400 models now come with new baked-in silicon mitigations for the Meltdown vulnerability.

In some workloads, the overhead of software-based fixes applied to older processors might be as high as 10%. The effect is much lessened with modern processors. We didn’t observe any notable speedups over the Core i5-8400, but that was to be expected. Optimized mitigations, however, might make it easier for enthusiasts moving from much older platforms to get a performance boost.

In order to improve heat transfer between its die and heat spreader, Intel ultimately made the switch to a solder-based thermal interface material (sTIM) with the introduction of its Coffee Lake update. Interestingly, though, some Core i5-9400 units shipped with the less effective sTIM while others did with the more common polymer-based thermal interface material (thermal grease). According to Intel, this varied depending on where each CPU was made. However, all Core i5-9400s now include sTIM, although the locked F-series processors still use pTIM.

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In either instance, you can examine your CPU’s stepping to see if it includes sTIM. The U0 and B0 steppings use pTIM, while the P0- and R0-stepping processors use sTIM. For all locked F-series processors, including our U0-stepping Core i5-9400F, Intel intends to continue using pTIM.

Essential information

Product Collection9th Generation Intel® Core™ i5 Processors
Code NameProducts formerly Coffee Lake
Vertical SegmentDesktop
Processor Numberi5-9400F
Launch DateQ1’19
Lithography14 nm
Recommended Customer Price$157.00
Use ConditionsPC/Client/Tablet

Intel Core i5 9400F specifications

Total Cores6
Total Threads6
Max Turbo Frequency4.10 GHz
Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 Frequency4.10 GHz
Processor Base Frequency2.90 GHz
Cache9 MB Intel® Smart Cache
Bus Speed8 GT/s

Memory specs

Max Memory Size (dependent on memory type)128 GB
Memory TypesDDR4-2666
Max # of Memory Channels2
Max Memory Bandwidth41.6 GB/s

Intel Core i5 9400F performance & gaming

The Intel Core i5 9400F only slightly outperforms the similarly-equipped six-core -8400 in the 3DMark DX11 and DX12 CPU tests, with increases of 2.76% and 1.69%, respectively. In these tests, the six-core Ryzen 5 2600X, which is less costly, performs significantly better and costs around $5 more. The Ryzen’s more threads are the cause of the better score. Just keep in mind that multi-threaded speed isn’t always beneficial because gaming engines may scale poorly compared to artificial benchmarks.

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VRMark values per-core performance, which is a combination of frequency and instructions per cycle (IPC) throughput, in our experience. Even if you don’t already own an HMD, you can run the test to determine whether your system is suitable for use with the HTC Vive or Oculus Rift. Anything above 109 FPS is considered a passing score by UL. The Intel -9400F narrowly defeats the AMD -8400 but establishes a commanding lead over the base Ryzen 5 2600X. However, if AMD’s CPU is clocked up to 4.2 GHz, it can almost match the -9400F.

Intel architectures and, more broadly, multi-core designs with high clock rates are preferred by Grand Theft Auto V.

A definite advantage over AMD’s Ryzen processors, especially the optimized Ryzen 7 2700X, is established by the Core i5-9400F. Once more, the -9400F is marginally superior to Intel’s -8400 from the previous generation.

Because host processing is less important in Shadow of War than graphics processing, there isn’t much of a performance gap between the fastest and slowest CPUs. The average FPS difference between the Core i5-9400F and the -8400 is 0.9. Nevertheless, considering the hardly discernible difference between the models, that isn’t all that remarkable. At a high enough resolution, which we tested at 1920 x 1080, most games are indeed GPU-limited. If you encounter a bottleneck, make appropriate plans.

Final thoughts on Intel Core i5 9400F

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Despite lacking integrated graphics, which the Ryzen 5 2600X also lacks, Intel’s newest Core i5 still provides top gaming performance for the money. A $20 cost reduction is a welcome improvement that aids Intel in competing with AMD. Despite the -9400F’s price cut, the Ryzen 5 2600X still offers the best value for money when it comes to performance for everyday productivity tasks. It excels at gaming tasks as well, making it a great all-arounder. Additionally, AMD’s new CPUs are coming soon.

Is Intel Core i5-9400F worth it?

When utilizing Intel Core i5-9400F CPU for gaming, you should anticipate either average or subpar game performance depending on the CPU cooler you choose.

Despite having several shortcomings, the Intel Core i5-9400F was able to make it onto our list of the best CPUs for gaming because of its competitive mid-range gaming performance. We’ll get to why later, but it’s one of those situations where deciding whether to buy actually depends on whether you’re thinking about the game industry’s future or simply need a temporary fix.

The cache of a CPU is a tiny chunk of memory that houses recently consumed data and is located near to the CPU cores.

As cache capacity grows, game performance may improve since it will speed up memory retrieval of frequently used game materials.

The L3 cache of the Intel Core i5-9400F can hold 9 MB of data.

The 9400F’s subpar 9 MB of L3 cache hinders performance with today’s graphically demanding games.

An Intel Core i5-9400F should be plenty for 60Hz gaming if you just play a lot of games, but if you want to play games at, let’s say, 144Hz, you’ll start to face instances when your CPU can’t keep up. Having additional CPU cores or hyper-threading (such with an i7) will undoubtedly assist in the majority of these games! For the final paragraph, I’ll also assume that you’re using 1080p for your video game.

Is Intel Core i5-9400F good for gaming?

Yes, it is suitable for gaming at 60 frames per second in 1080p (depending on your configuration), but it is essentially overkill for simple or routine jobs. Just make sure you have plenty of RAM—at least 16GB is recommended.

Your PC games are powered by it in conjunction with your graphics card. This Intel CPU has six cores, six threads, and operates at 2.9 GHz. According to other sites, processors are rated based on how many of the top 1,000 PC games they can run. We rate this Intel CPU at 99% since it can run 992 of the top 1000 games.

Even while multi-threading performs well on the Warhammer 40,000 benchmark, AMD’s vanilla Ryzen 5 2600X remains at the bottom of our chart, while the Core i5-9400F shows a little increase over the -8400.

Once more, overclocking reveals itself to be the key distinction that offers the 2600X a little bit more life.

Certainly “Good” for a little gaming. But it’s only compatible with 6 Cores and 6 Threads!

The next generation of consoles (PS5, Xbox, etc.) will have 8 Cores and 16 Threads. The eighth-generation consoles already feature 8 Threads.

I’m not sure about your region, but AMD 2600s are $30 less expensive and perform other jobs better.

Granted, if all you do is play games, an i5 -9400F will get a few more frames per second than, say, a Ryzen 5 2600. (However, you must purchase a CPU Cooler for the i5, and since it is locked, it cannot actually overclock.) You must also get a B365 board at the very least to ensure compatibility.

For better gaming and undoubtedly better multitasking, video editing, streaming, etc., I’d suggest purchasing the Ryzen 5 3600.

There isn’t much of a performance difference between the fastest and slowest CPUs in Shadow of War since host processing isn’t as crucial to the game as graphics processing is. Between the Core i5-9400F and the -8400, there is a 0.9 FPS difference on average.

That isn’t very surprising, though, given the hardly perceptible difference between the models. The majority of games are unquestionably GPU-limited at a high enough resolution, which we tested at 1920 x 1080. Make the necessary preparations in case you run into a bottleneck.

Although Project CARS 2 is allegedly thread-optimized, clock rates have the most impact on the frame rates in this game. Although the -9400F lags behind the -8400, both CPUs are far quicker than AMD’s Ryzen versions.

Can you overclock Intel Core i5-9400F?

Is the Intel Core i5-9400F overclocked capable? No, is the response. Processor Intel Core i5-9400F is locked. If you wish to overclock it, you might want to get another CPU that ends with K.

Overclocking is the technique of boosting the clock speed over the manufacturer’s stated maximum efficiency. Overclocking, then, is the process of adjusting hardware parts to achieve more usefulness and performance than the default. While overclocking your Intel Core i5-9400F, there are several safety measures that must be taken.

Why is it impossible to overclock an Intel Core i5-9400F?

To lock the clock multiplier permanently or while the clock limit is still in place, a CPU locking is performed.

Therefore, it serves as a limit on overclocking or a safeguard to prevent additional harm to the CPU.

These locked models are identified by a ‘K’ for Intel and a ‘Black’ for AMD.

Finally, you must unlock your Intel Core i5-9400 if you wish to overclock it.

The Intel Core i5-9400 has a maximum turbo frequency of 4.10 GHz.

What temperature should an Intel Core i5-9400F run at?

thrice the cooling capacity is needed for thrice the power. Any temperature below 75°C with sporadic peaks up to 85° is probably the optimal sustainable operating temperature for the i5 while it is under stress. There is a significant likelihood that your processor is thermally throttling if you notice temperatures frequently above 90°.

The 9400F’s maximum core throttle temperature is 100 degrees C.

In general, you’re fine as long as you maintain the temperature below 85 degrees.

If it stays below 80, even better.

How much power does Intel Core i5-9400F draw?

My experience has shown me how important it is to precisely calculate the wattage of the power supply required for both your CPU and other components. The Intel Core i5-9400F CPU’s peak wattage may be calculated using its peak TDP rating, PL2 (Power Level 2).

The power used at the CPU’s highest turbo boost frequency is measured by the turbo boost TDP (PL2). Based on the PL2, we know that the Intel Core i5-9400F CPU can attain a maximum boost frequency of 4.10 GHz and peak power consumption of 82 watts.

The CPU’s power consumption at its base frequency is shown by the base TDP (PL1). The basic TDP of the Core i5 9400F is 65 watts. To prevent any possible harm to your components or data corruption, we highly advise using a power supply that can handle the wattage of the PL2 rating (82 watts).

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Intel Core i5 9400F
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